What is the range of electric vehicle?

Author: Ingrid

Feb. 04, 2024

Home Appliances

Range of electric cars and growing consumer adoption

 

In 2022, electric car sales exceeded 10 million last year. To put this in perspective, this means electric car sales were up 55% relative to 2021.

However, while electric car sales continue to break records, many still have concerns about the range of electric cars.

According to our Mobility Monitor report, around 40 percent of all potential EV drivers are worried they won’t be able to charge their car when they need to and are afraid to run out of power on the road. 

While this fear is understandable, it is also unnecessary. 

How far can electric cars go?

According to data that was available in December of 2022, the average electric vehicle has a range of 348 km (216 miles). 

Of course, there is not a single correct answer when talking about the electric car range. How far an EV can go depends—quite understandably—on which vehicle you’re driving, the battery’s state of charge, as well as your driving behavior, and even weather conditions.

Disclaimers aside though, the median range of electric vehicles has increased significantly in the past years.

Did you know that In 2011, there were only three different models of all-electric vehicles on the market? According to the US Environmental Protection Agency, their range spanned from approximately 100 km to 150 km max (63 to 94 miles) on a full charge.

Today, as described above, that number is much higher and sits around 348 km (216 miles).

Longest range EV

So, which EV has the longest range?

At present, Lucid Air Dream (Range Edition) takes the crown. Based on moderate driving style and climate conditions, the real-life range is estimated to be 685 km (425 miles). 

As stated before –and as we’ll explain in more detail a little later in this article– the real-life electric car range is dependent on a few factors.

For example:

The Lucid Air Dream Range edition claims to have a minimum range of 505 km (313 miles) when driving on the highway in cold weather conditions, and a maximum range of a whopping 960 km (596 miles) when driving in the city in mild weather conditions.

Top-5 EVs with the longest range

Ok so, the Lucid Air Dream has the number one spot, but what about others?

Here’s a quick overview of the top 5 electric car models that currently have the longest range available.

 

Shortest range EV

On the other side of the spectrum, you might be wondering, which electric car has the shortest range?

As the rule of thumb goes, the larger the vehicle, the bigger the battery can be. The reverse is also true. With less space for a battery, small city cars are designed to be agile, cheap to run, and easy to park—but not to travel long distances. 

The smallest EV we could find when writing this article was the Smart EQ fortwo Cabrio, a two-seater city car (with convertible options) with a range of 95 km (59 miles) on a single charge. However, a full charge would take only 55 minutes at a charging speed of 22 kW—much less than charging an EV that holds a larger battery.

The growing range of EVs

Back in the humble beginnings of EVs, the best-selling electric car, the Nissan LEAF, had a maximum range of about 160 km (100 miles). Fast-forward to today, and we see that the 2023 Nissan Leaf has a range of up to  341 km (212 miles). 

The new Hyundai Kona, Volkswagen ID.4, and Kia EV6 (all with a fairly affordable price tag) can reach 400-500 km (249- 310 miles) on a single charge too. 

The main reason?

Batteries have become more powerful and less expensive. 

Batteries are the most expensive component when making an EV. Their price has fallen significantly over the past decade and because of it, EVs are expected to reach cost parity with internal combustion cars by 2026.

What affects the driving range for EVs?

We already mentioned that the main factor dictating the range of your electric car is the size of its battery. 

However, battery size isn’t the only thing that affects an EV’s range. 

The quicker you drive, how much you need to accelerate, whether you turn on your air conditioning or the heater, as well as how warm it is outside, all affect how far you can go on a single charge.

Let's break it down.

Driving speed 

The faster you drive or the more aggressively you accelerate, the quicker the battery of the EV drains.

Temperature

The colder it is outside, the faster the battery drains.

Electrical-powered features

When you use the heating, cooling, or other electrical-powered features, this affects the distance an EV can drive on a single tank. 
To bring these factors to life, Renault has a handy tool for its ZOE e-Tech Electric where you can input driving conditions and see the battery capacity change. 

Best EV range

So, while an EV range of more than 600 km (372 miles) is possible, it doesn't necessarily mean it’s the best range for you. 

Simply put, a good range meets the needs of the driver. 

The range is a key EV metric when choosing an EV and is one that many potential EV drivers consider carefully before investing. 

Practically speaking, however, the range isn’t the holy grail that many consider it to be.

Range of electric cars should match your driving behavior

The vast majority of people don’t get close to driving their vehicle flat in a single day; regardless of whether it’s an EV or a gasoline car. For instance, in the US, the average American drives 21,687 km (13,4760 miles) per year or roughly 59.5 km (37 miles) a day.

In Europe, this average differs per country but is, on average, less than half of what they drive in the US; individuals in Germany drive an average of approximately 19 km (11 miles) per day and in Greece, this number can be as low as 5.6 km (3.4 miles) per day. 

The bottom line is that most of our daily commutes won’t even come close to reaching an EV's maximum range.

What’s more, since “topping up” an EV works differently than putting gas in an ICE vehicle—as charging can be done while you sleep or while you’re at work—the fear of running out of juice isn’t as prominent as you may think at first. 

Vehicle manufacturers have also put a lot of effort into quelling drivers' fears of range anxiety with several innovative features; including the Driving to Empty (DTE) metric which is visible on a vehicle’s dashboard.

What is DTE?

DTE stands for Driving to Empty and is a moving extrapolated average of how far you can drive with the remaining charge of an EV’s battery. Simply put, it’s how far you can go until your battery is depleted.

​​As the range shown is an average based on current factors, it’s always a guesstimate to predict future performance. This number is based on how long you have already driven on a single charge, the current state of charge, and driving conditions and is translated into a distance number. 

For drivers, this knowledge is critical as there is no leeway with EVs. As soon as that number reaches zero, it’s game over and the vehicle must be towed to a charging point. Unlike gasoline cars, roadside assistance can't bring a small volume of fuel, so the vehicle must be physically transported to a charging station—an event that’s not cheap, both in terms of time and money nor is it good for your vehicle’s battery.

To avoid this scenario, many electric vehicles make it difficult to run out of charge. For example, some premium vehicles will calculate your remaining range and warn you exactly when you're about to leave the vicinity of a charging station. Others, such as the Nissan Leaf, go into Turtle Mode before completely turning off, where it enters “crawling” mode at 50 km/h (30mph) for just over a kilometer, giving the driver enough time to reach a safe space to call for help. 

However, as DTE is based on current conditions, it shouldn’t be taken as gospel. A hundred kilometers will differ if you change your driving style or turn your heater and headlights on. If you’re cruising towards empty and the DTE indicates you can just make it, it’s best to try and maintain an energy-efficient driving style.

Do electric cars lose range over time?

Yes, but not as much as you may think or as fast as you may fear. Under current estimates, most EV batteries will last between 15-20 years or 100,000 to 200,000 miles before they need to be replaced, it is more likely that the battery will outlast the car. 

And contrary to popular belief, EV batteries don’t simply stop working. Instead, they slowly degrade over time.

A battery gradually loses capacity with many reporting a loss of only a few percent over several years. When looking at the average decline across all vehicles, that loss averages out at 2.3 percent per year. 

To demonstrate, if you purchase an EV today with a 350 km (217 miles) range, after five years the battery will have only lost about 40 km (24 miles) of accessible range. 

To put consumers' reservations to rest, many manufacturers give a warranty on their battery which is usually between eight and ten years which exceeds the usual warranty for combustion engines which is only 5 years.

Find out more about EV charging

Driving an electric vehicle is –in many ways– a lot different from driving a car that runs on gas. The concept of charging, especially, is new to many people. Take a look at our extensive guide and discover all there is to know about EV charging. Learn what charging a vehicle costs, how much time it takes, the most commonly used –and preferred– charging locations, the difference between Level 1, Level 2, and Level 3 charging, battery life, and understanding the different cables, plugs, and connector types.

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Let's take a look at the U.S. all-electric car market and compare the available (or soon to be available) models by EPA range rating as of September 18, 2021.

We will stick to EPA Combined range value (official or expected) as that's the only common rating that we have in the U.S. In the second part of the post, we will take a look also at the City/Highway results.

EPA Combined range

The list currently includes dozens of models and a total of over 60 versions, starting with the Mazda MX-30 that is expected to have only 100 miles (161 km) of range and ending on the Lucid Air Dream Edition Range (19") with 520 miles (837 km) of range.

There are only several models (usually older ones) that note an EPA Combined range of less than 200 miles (322 km). Most of the cars are somewhere between 200 and 300 miles.

An interesting thing is that there are more and more 300+ miles cars, including some of the Ford Mustang Mach-E, all Tesla cars (the Model S is even above 400 miles) and the all-new Rivian R1T/R1S.

While Rivian pioneers the pickup segment with 300+ miles, one of the most striking bits of news has been the first-ever model with more than 500 miles range - Lucid Air (a total of three versions, each tested with 19" and 21" wheels).

We would like to note that EPA ratings for some specific models, especially the Porsche Taycan/Taycan Cross Turismo, are much lower than we and other media achieved in test drives, which might be related to its two-speed transmission in the rear.

The 2021 Tesla Model 3 Standard Range Plus is listed twice, as the version tested at 263 miles (423 km), was recently listed as 262 miles (in the Tesla online configurator).

EPA Combined/City/Highway range

Now let's take a look at the much more advanced comparison, which consists additionally of range ratings for the Highway category (yellow) and City category (green). We don't know ratings for all the models, because many are simply new/awaiting the EPA results.

In most cases, highway range is noticeably lower than City and Combined categories. We would advise paying attention to the Highway rating, as it's the most important for long-distance travel.

A table version of the comparison:

Electric Cars Listed By EPA Range From Lowest To Highest

Model Drive Battery
(kWh)
EPA
Range
2022 Mazda MX-30 FWD 35.5 100 mi*
(161 km) 2022 MINI Cooper SE FWD 32.6 114 mi
(183 km) 2022 Nissan LEAF S (40 kWh) FWD 40 149 mi
(240 km) 2021 BMW i3 RWD 42.2 153 mi
(246 km) 2021 BMW i3s RWD 42.2 153 mi
(246 km) 2021 Hyundai IONIQ Electric FWD 38.3 170 mi
(274 km) 2021 Porsche Taycan 4S (79 kWh) AWD 79.2 199 mi
(320 km) 2021 Porsche Taycan (79 kWh) RWD 79.2 200 mi
(322 km) 2021 Porsche Taycan Turbo S (93 kWh) AWD 93.4 201 mi
(323 km) 2021 Porsche Taycan Turbo S Cross Turismo AWD 93.4 202 mi*
(325 km) 2021 Porsche Taycan Turbo Cross Turismo AWD 93.4 204 mi*
(328 km) 2022 Audi e-tron S 20" AWD 95 208 mi
(335 km) 2022 Volvo C40 Recharge AWD 78 210 mi*
(338 km) 2021 Ford Mustang Mach-E Select SR AWD AWD 75.7 211 mi
(339 km) 2022 Audi e-tron S Sportback 20" AWD 95 212 mi
(341 km) 2021 Porsche Taycan Turbo (93 kWh) AWD 93.4 212 mi
(341 km) 2022 Nissan LEAF e+ SV (62 kWh) FWD 62 215 mi
(346 km) 2021 Porsche Taycan 4 Cross Turismo AWD 93.4 215 mi*
(346 km) 2021 Porsche Taycan 4S Cross Turismo AWD 93.4 215 mi*
(346 km) 2021 Audi e-tron Sportback AWD 95 218 mi
(351 km) 2021 Audi e-tron AWD 95 222 mi
(357 km) 2022 Volvo XC40 Recharge AWD 78 223 mi
(359 km) 2021 Porsche Taycan (93 kWh) RWD 93.4 225 mi
(362 km) 2022 Nissan LEAF e+ S (62 kWh) FWD 62 226 mi
(364 km) 2021 Porsche Taycan 4S (93 kWh) AWD 93.4 227 mi
(365 km) 2021 Ford Mustang Mach-E Select SR RWD RWD 75.7 230 mi
(370 km) 2022 Audi RS e-tron GT quattro AWD 93.4 232 mi*
(373 km) 2022 Jaguar I-PACE EV400 AWD 90 234 mi*
(377 km) 2022 Audi e-tron GT quattro AWD 93.4 238 mi*
(383 km) 2022 Kia Niro EV (e-Niro) FWD 64 239 mi
(385 km) 2021 Volkswagen ID.4 AWD Pro S AWD 82 240 mi
(386 km) 2022 Chevrolet Bolt EUV FWD 65 247 mi
(397 km) 2022 Polestar 2 Dual Motor 19" AWD 78 249 mi
(401 km) 2021 Volkswagen ID.4 AWD Pro AWD 82 249 mi
(401 km) 2021 Volkswagen ID.4 Pro S RWD 82 250 mi
(402 km) 2022 Hyundai Kona Electric FWD 64 258 mi
(415 km) 2022 Chevrolet Bolt EV FWD 65 259 mi
(417 km) 2021 Ford Mustang Mach-E GT Perf. ER AWD AWD 98.8 260 mi
(418 km) 2021 Volkswagen ID.4 Pro RWD 82 260 mi
(418 km) 2021 Tesla Model 3 Standard Range Plus RWD 60* 262 mi*
(422 km) 2021 Tesla Model 3 Standard Range Plus RWD 60* 263 mi
(423 km) 2022 Polestar 2 Single Motor 19" FWD 78 265 mi*
(426 km) 2021 Ford Mustang Mach-E Premium ER AWD AWD 98.8 270 mi
(434 km) 2021 Ford Mustang Mach-E GT ER AWD AWD 98.8 270 mi
(434 km) 2021 Ford Mustang Mach-E Premium ER RWD RWD 98.8 300 mi
(483 km) 2021 Tesla Model Y Perf. LR AWD 21" AWD 80* 303 mi
(488 km) 2021 Ford Mustang Mach-E Route 1 ER RWD RWD 98.8 305 mi
(491 km) 2022 Rivian R1T (Large pack, 21") AWD 135* 314 mi
(505 km) 2021 Tesla Model 3 Perf. LR AWD 20" AWD 80* 315 mi
(507 km) 2022 Rivian R1S (Large pack, 21") AWD 135* 316 mi
(508 km) 2021 Tesla Model Y Long Range AWD 19" AWD 80* 326 mi
(525 km) 2021 Tesla Model X Plaid 20" AWD 100* 340 mi*
(547 km) 2021 Tesla Model S Plaid 21" AWD 100* 348 mi
(560 km) 2021 Tesla Model 3 Long Range AWD AWD 80* 353 mi
(568 km) 2021 Tesla Model X Long Range (AWD) 20" AWD 100* 360 mi*
(579 km) 2021 Tesla Model S Plaid 19" AWD 100* 396 mi*
(637 km) 2022 Rivian R1T (Max pack, 21") AWD 180* 400 mi*
(644 km) 2021 Tesla Model S Long Range (AWD) 19" AWD 100* 405 mi
(652 km) 2022 Lucid Air Dream Edition Performance (21") AWD 113 451 mi
(726 km) 2022 Lucid Air Grand Touring (21") AWD 113* 469 mi
(755 km) 2022 Lucid Air Dream Edition Performance (19") AWD 113 471 mi
(758 km) 2022 Lucid Air Dream Edition Range (21") AWD 113 481 mi
(774 km) 2022 Lucid Air Grand Touring (19") AWD 113* 516 mi
(830 km) 2022 Lucid Air Dream Edition Range (19") AWD 113 520 mi
(837 km)

For more of our latest comparisons, check out our Compare EVs card here.

* estimated/unofficial values

** Porsche Taycan EPA numbers are usually much lower than in the real-world tests (see our 70 mph range test results here)

What is the range of electric vehicle?

All-Electric Cars Listed By EPA Range From Lowest To Highest

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